A beginner’s note on Linux Mint Desktop
This page documents some tips for beginner users on Linux Mint Desktop environment.
You can download the latest system ISO file and build the system to a USB drive using, eg, netbootin. You then restart your computer, boot it from USB (might have to change your BIOS default boot sequence in order to start from a USB), follow prompts until you get into the “live” operating system. There you will find on the Desktop an icon to “Install Mint”. Double click on it and follow the prompts to install the system. When in doubt, use default settings. After installing please quit the live system, unplug the USB drive and restart to login to the system.
Once you are logged in, please feel free to poke around changing small (yet important) details such as font size, terminal theme and fonts, display preferences etc. The default web browser is Firefox. If you prefer other browsers, you can download Google Chrome, double click on the installer and follow prompts to install Google Chrome.
If you use Linux Mint 20.x, you can use this script to install some basic software packages. To do so, first install
install_dir='$HOME/miniconda3' curl -fsSL https://repo.continuum.io/miniconda/Miniconda3-latest-Linux-x86_64.sh -o /tmp/miniconda.sh && bash /tmp/miniconda.sh -bfp $install_dir echo "export PATH=$install_dir/bin:\$PATH" >> ~/.bashrc && source ~/.bashrc chown -R $USER.users $install_dir && mkdir -p ~/.conda && chown -R $USER.users ~/.conda pip install sos
Then download the script and install recommended software packages
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gaow/misc/master/bash/linux_setup.sos sudo chmod +x linux_setup.sos ./linux_setup.sos ubuntu_focal:1-5
Access software programs available
The icon for software manu is on the bottom left corner of the screen. Click on it, then type in the search box for programs you want to bring up, eg type
screen, you will be given a list of programs for display management, power management and screenshot programs. Click on the program you would like to launch.
Edit text files
The default text editor in Linux Mint is
xed. If you would like to trigger it from the terminal, simply type
xed as a command, eg,
Connect to this computer from another one
This page documents three ways to connect from another computer to this computer:
- bash terminal
- Juypter Lab
Monitor resource usage
In the command line, type
Use Microsoft Office products
MS Office does not support Linux. However, with access to internet you can use Office 365 from your web browser. Office 365 is freely available to Columbia personnel. Simply sign in at office.com with your Columbia UNI and password. You will be directed to your Office 365 dashboard where you can start creating new documents or editing existing ones. You can also upload
PPTX files to Google drive, and edit them from web browser.